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"a powerful learning tool..."

J.J, Ward, MEd, RRT in Respiratory Care


Articles about R.A.L.E.®

  • R.A.L.E. Lung Sounds 3.1. Respiratory Care, 50: 1385, 2005
  • R.A.L.E. Lung Sounds 3.0. Respiratory Care, 47: 1024, 2002
  • R.A.L.E. Lung Sounds 3.0. Computers in Nursing Plus, 5: 9, 2002
  • Software review: RALE Lung and heart sound CAI software. Computers in Nursing, 15: 110, 1997
  • A measured breath: new techniques in pulmonary imaging and diagnosis. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154: 847, 1996
  • Software review: RALE Chest Auscultation. Medical Education 29: 178, 1995
  • Computer assisted learning of chest auscultation - the Respiratory Acoustics Laboratory Environment. Information and Medical Education. Elsevier North Holland, pp 244, 1991
  • RALE (Respiratory Acoustics Laboratory Environment). Focus on Critical Care, 18: 527, 1991
  • RALE: A computer-assisted instructional package, Respiratory Care, 35: 1006, 1990


General information about respiratory sounds

  • State of the Art: Respiratory sounds - advances beyond the stethoscope. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 156: 974, 1997
  • Download the R.A.L.E. Reference Collection, a bibliography of more than 1,100 scientific papers on respiratory acoustics. The collection is in RIS format which can be used with various bibliography programs ( is ~0.6 MB in size and was last updated November 2007). A printed version in Adobe Acrobat format can also be downloaded (RRC.PDF is ~1 MB in size).
  • Visit the International Lung Sounds Association (ILSA) for additional information on respiratory acoustic research.


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